However, at the current rate, India would surpass China by , believe the experts. India is surely the overpopulated and that has created the problems of unemployment, lack of facilities, slow infrastructure, lack of growth, poverty and more. The Indian Population is still growing at a faster speed despite controlling attempts from the Government and other organizations.
There are several reasons why Population in India is high. Here are some of the most major and critical ones. India has a huge birth rate.
In recent years, the death rate has been controlled, but the birth rate is still very high and thus the total population has increased. Girls are generally married at a very early age and thus increasing the reproductive time. Even though the law does not allow marriage below 18 years, but in many areas, the marriages are still occurring at lower ages. Poverty and Illiteracy are the major concerns for the population.
In order to overcome the poverty, people tend to give birth to more children in order to increase the bread earners. The illiteracy has stopped the basic understanding of the family planning and healthy life. The outdated cultural norm of having Son is causing huge population in India.
Essay on the population growth in India
Per capita use of plastic now 1. But the remaining 40 per cent lie on the ground or in open gutters or in heaps. Even if this was recycled times earlier, the collection of such solid waste at a place is harmful for recovery of material and also ignores the benefit to environment due to material recycling. Thus plastic waste lying unattended is the cause for concern.
It can choke municipal gutters or may create obstacles in the flow of storm water in the hilly areas or may become cause of death of many animals, especially as the cows eat food contained in polythene bags. In India, malnutrition is a serious problem due to poverty and unemployment. The problem of malnutrition is mainly found among infants, non- school going children, socially and economically backward pregnant women and mothers.
Words Essay on Population - Good or Bad for India
According to one estimate, 30 percent of the newborn babies in India are underweight. According to some studies conducted in the rural areas of some states, 37 per cent, 43 percent and 8.
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In India, the rate of blindness due to vitamin A deficiency is 0. In almost all the states, people seem to be suffering from iodine deficiency.
According to one estimate, about 20 crore persons are suffering from diseases caused by iodine deficiency. Almost 50 per cent of non-school going children and 50 per cent of women in advanced pregnancy are victims of anaemia due to iron deficiency. Even today one finds gender-based discrimination in food intake due to social customs and traditions.
They become weaker and weaker by falling victims to malnutrition and their capacity to regain health also declines. Food grain production in India has much increased since Still various figures on poverty show that there are million people below the poverty line. According to the 55th round of NSSO on poverty estimates, At this level, there is not even food security, forget about nutrition security. If one takes getting two square meals a day as an indicator during recent years, the level of hunger has gone down from 16 to 8 percent. But this 8 percent means that the number of Indians not getting two meals a day is 75 million.
The per capita daily availability of pulses which is the most important sources of protein, was 35 gms. Pulses are fourth in the rank while protective foods fruits, fish, meat, etc. The reason for this is the low income. As a result, the average calorie intake in India is , which is less than the recommended minimum intake. The calorie deficiency is more in the children 60 percent than among the adults 44 percent.
The Population Of The Solent Oyster Population
Due to food and nutrition deficiency among the poor, 30 percent of the newborns weigh less than gms. Deficiency in nutrition is due to poverty and it increases due to ignorance and lack of health and nutrition education. Rapid Population growth leads to poverty and poverty creates problems of malnutrition and health. Due to malnutrition, people remain weak and disease- affected. They suffer from diseases like T.
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These problems of malnutrition, health and diseases are aggravated by environmental pollution. The poor are both the victims and agents of environmental degradation. Environmental degradation not only harms health but also reduces economic productivity. Search and dirty water, in adeqate sanitation, air pollution and land degradation cause serious diseases on an enormous scale in developing countries like India.
These in turn reduce the productivity levels in the country.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Indian Population
To take specific instances, water pollution has led to declining fisheries in rivers, ponds and canals in both urban and rural areas. Water shortages have reduced economic activity in towns, and cities and villages. Soil and hazardous wastes have polluted ground water resources which cannot be used for agricultural and industrial production. Soil degradation leading to soil erosion, drought, etc.
Deforestation has led to soil erosion and consequent loss of sustainable logging potential. Last but not the least, atmospheric changes have given rise to disruption of marine food chain, damages to coastal infrastructure due to sea-rise and regional changes in agriculture productivity due to hurricanes in seas. It is a traditional methodology in the census of India to notify the rural and urban population.
In the land revenue paying villages, it is not necessary that there should be population, but it is necessary to have definite protected boundary. With reference to different censuses, the question of necessity of population in a village has been disputed. In the previous censuses, only those villages were counted as villages where uninhabited villages were not accepted as villages.
In , the uninhabited villages were also included in the villages but in the census, those villages were known as uninhabited villages.
500+ Words Essay on Population
In , too, this method was adopted. Later on, the population of that area may live as residential population. These hamlets neither have the particular well-defined boundary nor do they have any particular marks for their recognition. Hamlets remain within the regional boundaries of villages. Thus, there is negligible population in these villages and they are shown to be uninhabited villages in the census report. In addition to this, there may be unprotected villages in forests, in areas where only the labourers working in forests and their families reside.
In India, the rural and urban population and percentage ratio of rural and urban population in total population from to are shown in Table It shows that according to the Census, This shows a decrease in population living in rural areas of India. Out of all the States of India, the size of rural population was the highest in Uttar Pradesh, being The size of urban population in India has been increasing over the period to There had been marked increase from In India, Maharashtra is the State with the highest urban population of 4. This has been due to rapid industrialization.
Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu follow Maharashtra. Urban population in these States was 3. Sikkim is the State having the lowest urban population of 60, One of the important indices of the concentration of population is the density of population. The highest density of population is found on agriculturally fertile lands, while it is the lowest in desert or rocky areas. Thus, population is not distributed equally in all parts of the country. In some parts of India, people live in small numbers and in other places they live in large numbers.
The pattern of distribution of population in any country can be described by its density of population, shown as. In other words, the total number of persons living per sq. In India, the density of population has been increasing since , as shown in Table It was 81 persons per sq.
In India, the State wise area and density of population are shown in Table 15 and Figure 3. From the view point of geographical area, Rajasthan ranked first among Indian States with an area of Among Union Territories, the largest area was Andaman and Nicobar with 8. Ranking of States and Union Territories of India in descending order in densities is shown in Table There are wide variations in density of population across the States and Union Territories.
Among the States, West Bengal was at the top with density of per sq. Among the Union Territories, Delhi had the highest density of 9, per sq. But density of population does not reflect either the prosperity or the poverty of a State.